The ablation of atrial fibrillation is invasive procedure that used to cure of Atrial Fibrillation. Ablation means removal of unwanted tissues or melting away the unwanted structures. It can be perform with surgical via Maze and Non- Surgical via Catheter.
Maze is a surgery for atrial fibrillation that offers the prospect of a permanent cure. Surgery for atrial fibrillation is separated into two different surgical techniques – the Mini-Maze and the Full Maze procedure.
The minimally-invasive atrial fibrillation Maze (Mini-Maze) is used for treatment of paroxysmal A-fib. During the Mini-Maze procedure, the surgeon accesses the heart through small incisions under the arm and between the ribs. Through these small incisions the surgeon places surgical instruments, an ablation device, and a thorascope. The thorascope is a camera that allows the surgeon to see the heart inside of the chest.
This surgery for atrial fibrillation is for patients who are in persistent A-fib and for patients who also need heart surgery for coronary artery disease or valve disease. The chest is opened through a chest incision called a sternotomy. A Full atrial fibrillation Maze procedure involves all the components of the Mini-Maze, including more extensive lesions to ablate and scar the extra pathways involved in persistent A-fib and even atrial flutter. The Full Maze procedure uses a combination of surgical incisions and an energy source to ablate (scar) the problem cells and create scar tissue, creating a “maze” in the heart. Afterward, the electrical impulse of the heart can only travel down one pathway thus restoring a normal rhythm in the heart.
Catheter Ablation is a non-surgical procedure done by the Cardiologist to ablate the scar part of an abnormal electrical pathway of the heart that is causing the heart rhythms problem. It is performed inside the heart with the help of long thin flexible tubes with wires (catheters) into the heart through blood vessels in your arms, upper thigh or neck.