Healthy arteries with smooth inner walls are necessary to ease the flow of blood through them. Deposition of plaque on the inner walls of the arteries results in clogged arteries, technically known as Atherosclerosis. Heart specialist doctors in Delhi are highly proficient in treating this condition through the use of most advanced technology.
As the arterial plaque progresses, blood flow is reduced and sometimes may even cause blockage of the heart arteries altogether. Consequently, the chances of heart attacks and strokes are increased manifold. This even poses a great threat to the life of the person. Arterial plaque also causes carotid artery disease which is blocking of the neck arteries due to plaque, and peripheral artery disease which is plaque in the arteries of leg.
This makes it indispensable for every person to be scanned for arterial plaque on a periodic basis. You should be aware about the happiness of your heart and surgeries or treatments to get rid of arterial plaque. The experience and expertise of the best heart surgeons in India can help you stay away from the serious consequences of this arterial plaque.
Following are the surgeries that help in removing plaque from the arteries:
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG)
Commonly known as Bypass Surgery or Open-Heart Surgery, CABG is performed when the situation becomes more severe i.e. coronary arteries become narrower due to plaque deposition. This offers a long-term solution for the problems associated with plaque build-up.
Coronary Angioplasty or Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI)
This is widely used medical treatment to remove blockage from the artery. In this procedure, firstly an angiogram is done to locate the severity of the blockage. Then a deflated balloon is inserted into the narrowed artery and inflated after it is positioned accurately. Angioplasty is preferred if the blockage is less severe and reachable through the surgery.
Angioplasty with a laser is also being used nowadays by the doctors to treat heart patients. The surgery removes the arterial plaque by using the pulsating beam of a laser to vaporize the build-up in the arteries. This approach can quickly open the blocked artery and is given priority during a heart attack.
Atherectomy is a modern minimally invasive procedure in which the plaque is removed by the rotating shaver present on the tip of catheter. This unique treatment is particularly effective in cleaning carotid arteries of the neck. Atherectomy reduces the risk of heart attacks or strokes.
A stent is a medicine coated wire mesh tube that can permanently stay in the coronary artery to keep it open. This procedure has a merit over Balloon Angioplasty as it lowers the chances of plaque build-up. This even reduces chest pain of the patients.
Atherosclerosis can be avoided by making some basic lifestyle changes and having a balanced and heart healthy diet. Heart specialist doctors in Delhi also suggest consuming less amount food items that have high fat and cholesterol content. Regular exercise and adequate physical activity are also known as great ways for staying away from medical condition like arterial plaque.