Heart transplant is the last resort for a heart patient and the question is whether heart transplant surgery in Delhi is as good as elsewhere in the world.
Heart transplant surgery in Delhi is among the best in the world as revealed by the number of surgeries done here.
What is Heart Transplant Surgery
Heart transplant surgery is the replacement of a whole diseased or failed heart with a whole healthy heart received from a donor. The failed heart is incapable of performing the functions and the patient would die if the bad heart remains in the body. The entire procedure in which a surgeon replaces failed heart with a healthy donor heart is heart transplant surgery.
When is Heart Transplant Warranted
A surgeon determines the need for a heart transplant when the patient’s heart fails after exhausting all other options to mend it. Heart failure occurs as a result of
- Breakdown of an earlier transplant
- Abnormal buildup of proteins in tissues causing systolic and diastolic heart failure
- Abnormal heart rhythms not set right by other means
- Congenital heart defects
- Heart valve defects
- Coronary artery defects
- Weak heart muscles
When is Heart Transplant not Done
A heart transplant is not a routine surgery. It is complex and calls for firm commitment from the patient. The reasons for not doing a heart transplant include
- Inability to recover from surgery due to old age
- Afflicted with another life threatening disease besides heart defects
- Suffering from active and acute infection
- Suffering from cancer
- Inability to make drastic life changes
What is the Procedure for Obtaining a Donor Heart
Patients in need of a donor heart for heart transplant register at a transplant center based on criteria listed by the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS). The center places the patient in a preliminary matching list. The wait for a matching donor heart is uncertain and could range from a few months to a few years. In the meanwhile, patients can make use of a ventricular assist device (VAD) as temporary treatment. VADs make a good long-term treatment for patients who are ineligible for transplants.
What is the Procedure for a Heart Transplant
A surgeon does the transplant procedure under general anesthesia. The surgeon cuts the breastbone open and spreads it to reveal the heart and access it to perform the transplant. The heart-lung machine takes over to supply blood to the body during the operation. The surgeon completes the transplant and checks for the donor heart functions. On satisfactory performance of the donor heart the surgeon turns off the heart-lung machine. In the end, the surgeon sews up the breastbone and begins post operative treatment.
The State of Heart Transplant Surgery in Delhi
Heart transplant surgery in Delhi is world class. Several hospitals in Delhi employ the best heart transplant surgeons. The hospitals provide the best equipment and facilities for conducting the heart transplant surgeries.